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ID06 - Hard X-ray Microscope


ID06 HXM is a hard X-ray microscopy beamline for the study of a wide range of materials, ranging from structural materials such as metals and alloys to functional materials such as ferroelectrics to biominerals. The main technique offered is dark field X-ray microscopy.
Status:  open


  • Materials and Engineering
  • Physics
  • Life Sciences


  • Metallurgy
  • Structural materials
  • Functional materials
  • Fuel Cells
  • Biominerals


  • Diffraction imaging (topography)
  • Imaging
  • Imaging, absorption based
  • Imaging, monochromatic
  • Single-crystal diffraction
  • X-ray scattering
  • XRD - X-ray diffraction

Energy range

  • 11.0 - 55.0  keV

Beam size

  • Minimum (H x V) : 30.0 x 0.5  µm²
  • Maximum (H x V) : 2.0 x 0.5  mm²

Sample environments

  • Mirror Furnace (T < 1500 - 1600 deg C), see Yildirim et al. (2019), Mirror Furnace for Synchrotron Dark Field X-ray Microscopy Experiments. arxiv:1912.01255
  • Gas blower furnace (pool)
  • LN2 jet cryostat (pool)


  • 2D: Near field camera: Optique Peter microscope with FreLoN CCD camera, 1.2 micrometer pixel
  • 2D: Diffraction camera: FreLoN CCD camera with fibre-optic coupling, 47 micrometer pixel
  • 2D: Far field camera: Optique Peter Twin Mic with pco.edge sCMOS camera, 1.2 micrometer pixel
  • 2D: Wide field camera: video objective, Basler CCD camera, 50 micrometer pixel

Technical details

Photon flux up to 1013 photons per second


[1] Kutsal, M., Bernard, P., Berruyer, G., Cook, P. K., Hino, R., Jakobsen, A. C., … Detlefs, C. (2019). The ESRF dark-field x-ray microscope at ID06. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 580, 012007.

[2] Simons, H., King, A., Ludwig, W., Detlefs, C., Pantleon, W., Schmidt, S., … Poulsen, H. F. (2015). Dark-field X-ray microscopy for multiscale structural characterization. Nature Communications, 6(1), 6098.

[3] Simons, H., Haugen, A. B., Jakobsen, A. C., Schmidt, S., Stöhr, F., Majkut, M., … Poulsen, H. F. (2018). Long-range symmetry breaking in embedded ferroelectrics. Nature Materials, 17(9).

[4] Poulsen, H. F., Jakobsen, A. C., Simons, H., Ahl, S. R., Cook, P. K., & Detlefs, C. (2017). X-ray diffraction microscopy based on refractive optics. Journal of Applied Crystallography, 50(5).

[5] Simons, H., Jakobsen, A. C., Ahl, S. R., Detlefs, C., & Poulsen, H. F. (2016). Multiscale 3D characterization with dark-field x-ray microscopy. MRS Bulletin, 41(6), 454–459.

[6] Mavrikakis, N., Detlefs, C., Cook, P. K., Kutsal, M., Campos, A. P. C., Gauvin, M., … Yildirim, C. (2019). A multi-scale study of the interaction of Sn solutes with dislocations during static recovery in α-Fe. Acta Materialia, 174.