Experimental platforms

Experimental stations

overview of capabilities

ESRF-EBS beamlines covering geoscience research.png

ESRF-EBS beamlines with strong research activities in geoscience. 

Please find here a summary of beam parameters and setups for extreme condition research

Beamline

Examples of probed properties

BM30 – X-ray Absorption/Emission Spectroscopy

Autoclave, Paris-Edinburgh-Press, hydrothermal DAC

Trace element transport/speciation/solubility at hydrothermal conditions

ID28 - In-elastic X-ray Scattering

(resistively heated) Diamond Anvil Cell 

Elastic properties of minerals at high pressure

ID27 - nano X-ray Diffraction

(resistively  and laser YAG/CO2 heated, cryogenically cooled) Diamond Anvil Cell  Paris Edinburgh Press

Structure, phase transitions, density, viscosity to Mbar pressures and > 6000 K

ID26 - (tender) X-ray Absorption/Emission Spectroscopy

(resistively heated) Diamond Anvil Cell 

Trace element transport/speciation/solubility for low Z elements

ID24-DCM – (hard) micron X-ray Absorption/Emission Spectroscopy

(resistively  and laser YAG heated, cryogenically cooled) Diamond Anvil Cell  Paris Edinburgh Press

Major and trace element transport/speciation/solubility to 100GPa pressures and > 6000 K

 

ID24-HPLF – High Power Laser Facility for X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy

Diamond Anvil Cell, high power laser (100 J )

Laser schock

> 100 GPa and > 10000 K

BM23 -micron (hard) X-ray Absorption/Emission Spectroscopy

(resistively heated and cryogenically cooled) Diamond Anvil Cell 

 Paris Edinburgh Press

Major and trace element transport / speciation / solubility to 100 GPa and > 1200 K

ID20 -X-ray Raman Scattering

Diamond Anvil Cell

Structural arrangements and electronic properties of light elements at extreme conditions
ID21 - (tender) nano X-ray Absorption/Emission Spectroscopy Nanoparticles transport/speciation/solubility in biological samples

ID19 - X-ray Imaging, tomography and fast acquisition

Triaxial apparatus, Split Hopkinson Bars, Gas Gun

Fluid percolation, fault generation, large samples rheology at pressure and temperature, shocks

ID18 -X-ray Synchrotron Moessbauer spectroscopy

(resistively  and laser YAG heated, cryogenically cooled) Diamond Anvil Cell 

Structural and magnetic properties up to 100GPa pressure and > 6000 K

BM16 – high resolution X-ray Absorption/Emission Spectroscopy

Autoclave

Trace element transport/speciation/solubility at hydrothermal conditions

ID15b - micron X-ray Diffraction

(resistively heated and cryogenically cooled) Diamond Anvil Cell

Structure, phase transitions, density, viscosity to 100GPa pressures

ID12 - X-ray absorption X-ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism

(resistively heated and cryogenically cooled) Diamond Anvil Cell

Light element transport/speciation/distribution in natural samples (Sulfur/Phosphor/Vanadium)

ID11 - high resolution X-ray Diffraction

Uniaxial press, Diamond Anvil Cell

Structure, defects, faulting

ID09 - time-resolved X-ray Diffraction

Diamond Anvil Cell, high power laser (350mJ )

Shock compression

ID06 - X-ray Diffraction coupled to the large volume press

Large Volume Press

Structure, phase transition and elastic properties at high P/T

BM18 - ultra large samples

Triaxial apparatus

rheology at high pressure, paleontology, archeology

Experimental devices available to the scientific community

HADES.png

HADES  is a triaxial-press able to mimick Earth environments up to 10 km depth. It can host 10 mm long by 5mm diameter rock samples and bring them to 100 MPa confining pressure under a temperature of 200 degC. It can also apply 200MPa axial stress and circulate any fluid within the tested rock.

 

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KORE, also known as Perspehone, is the lover and counterpart of HADES. It is an upgraded triaxial-press with similar capacities to HADES but an axial stress able to easily reach 400 MPa. Sample are 20mm long for 10mm diameter and the rig is also equiped with 4 piezoelectric acoustic sensors. Two are in close contact of the sample while the remaining ones are satellite sensors excentered from the sample. KORE remains under comissioning but has already been succesfully tested. 

 

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Hopkinson bars  study the dynamic behaviour of materials under high loading rates. High strain-rate deformation can be achieved (from 100 up-to 1000 1/s) with high force amplitude  (Fmax can go up-to 40 kN for aluminium bars and 90 kN for the steel bars)

 

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 GAS-GUN impacting samples at up to 1Km per SECOND and imaging the resulting shock-wave. This is what the gas-gun is able to achieve.