The sample positioning is recorded by a long working distance zoom microscope, that presently watches the interaction point from above and is equipped with a colour CCD camera and frame grabbing system.This is replaced by a new system to allow more flexibility with the positioning of the microscope. The new microscope can view the sample from the same direction as the x-ray beam with a variable angle vertically. It uses a fixed magnification with several fields-of-view to choose.

view of the sample position (171 kB)

In the above picture one can see the x-ray beam pipe coming from left below and hitting the sample on a small goniometer head. Above the new microscope is positioned to look on the sample with an angle of 25 to 70 degrees. On the right hand side the lately installed Eulerian cradle is to  be seen.

characteristics of the zoom microscope:

characteristics and improvement of the new Infinity(c) microscope

The philosophy is to choose the magnification, working distance or illiumination type at the beginning of the experiment and then align the center of the diffractometer and not change the setup during the run. The problem with the abolished zoom feature can be overcome by prealigning the sample on the ex-situ microscope with goniometer holder. In that way much time is saved and sample changes are simplified.

The following series of pictures show the image from a crystal loop positioned at the sample position together with the performance figures of the system

old microscope 
  • zoom microscope -
  • working distance 90 mm
  • field of view 1.42 x 1 mm
new microscope 
  • fixed focal length
  • variable objectives and extension tube

LWD 2 objective

  • working distance 69 mm
  • field of view 2.6 x 1.9 mm
The red square marks typical beam size of 150 by 150 microns.
LWD 3 objective
  • working distance 43 mm

  • field of view 1.3 x 0.96 mm
LWD 2 objective + 2x extension
  • working distance 68 mm

  • field of view 1.2 x 0.9 mm
LWD 3 objective + 2x extension
  • working distance 43 mm

  • field of view 0.65 x 0.48 mm

A coaxial illumination option is available, which avoids the difficulties of positioning the light fiber around the close packed sample area. The disadvantage is a picture with less contrast due to the flat reflective  illumination and some stray scatter in the microscope tube.

LWD 3 objective + 2x extension
  • picture as seen with coaxial illumination


    • fixed position vertically above the sample
    • 4x zoom with smallest field of view about 1.4 x 1 mm
    • working distance 90 mm
    • heavy mount
    • micrometer screw adjustment
    • Sony camera 1/2 '' colour
    • variable position in a plane with the incoming x-ray beam (25 to 70 degrees)
    • fixed focus, different magnification options (currently a 2x objective LWD2, 3x objective LWD3 and 2x extension tube)
    • working distance 43 mm (LWD3) or 69 mm (LWD3)
    • possible coaxial illumination
    • compact mount and stable fixation on a StableRod(c) system
    • Watec camera 1/3 '' colour